Wearing glasses is a common method to correct nearsightedness and most people think that surgery will help us get rid of myopia. However, there are still safe measures to help reduce myopia 1-2 degrees without surgery effectively.
Reduce time spent using electronic devices
Nowadays, the use of technological devices such as phones, laptops, televisions, tablets, etc. to serve work, study and entertainment is inevitable from adults to children. Have you noticed that you are constantly texting, surfing the web, sending mail, using apps and playing games on your phone? Regular eye exposure to LED light emitted from these devices is also the cause of myopia and continues to increase the degree of eye damage. You need to regulate the time you use electronic devices during the day or have a break for your eyes between uses.
A recent study has shown that reducing screen time and exposure to electronic devices helps you get a good night's sleep, improve quality of life, and promote social engagement. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that school-age children spend no more than 2 hours a day playing with electronic devices.
Increase outdoor physical activity
Several studies have concluded that children who spend more time outdoors and are exposed to sunlight are less likely to develop myopia. This is not a way to reduce myopia 1-2 degrees without surgery, but it is the key to preventing myopia and preventing the eyes from increasing myopia that very few people know about. A survey in the UK in 2016 showed that reduced time outdoors was associated with an increased risk of early myopia and a higher rate of myopia. The Australian Government Department of Health and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend getting at least 60 minutes of physical activity each day.
Eye protection to reduce progressive myopia 1-2 degrees
The following simple measures help you protect your eyes:
- Use glasses properly. If you have mild myopia below 0.75 degrees, you do not need to wear glasses regularly, and if your eyesight is 1.0-2 degrees, you should only wear them when you need to see things at a distance, limiting the accommodation of your eyes.
- Regularly wear sunglasses when going out to prevent ultraviolet rays from damaging the eyes and avoid dust, chemicals and foreign objects flying into the eyes during movement.
- Limit reading and working in a dimly lit space because it can cause eye strain, and lead to more serious myopia.
- Keeping your eyes moist is extremely important to prevent your eyes from drying out, which can cause eye strain, itching, redness, and sore eyes. It is advisable to use specialized eye drops to help keep your eyes moist.
Can eye exercises help reduce myopia 1-2 degrees without surgery?
You should take breaks during reading or stressful work, sometimes just 20 seconds should be enough. At the same time, apply a few simple exercises such as focusing on nearby and far objects then objects in the distance in the room to exercise the eyes. You can also consult an ophthalmologist for more appropriate eye exercises.
Supplement good nutrients for eyesight
Vitamin A. You need to include vitamin A and antioxidants in your diet to protect the structure of your eyes from harmful oxidants and have healthy vision. Foods rich in vitamin A include: sweet potatoes, green leafy vegetables, carrots, gac, papaya, cheese, fatty fish like tuna and salmon, animal liver.
Vitamin C. The best foods to get your daily dose of vitamin C are fruits and vegetables, including oranges, grapefruit, strawberries, and broccoli.
Lutein. Eat green leafy vegetables to ensure you get enough lutein, which helps your eyes filter out blue light that can damage the retina.
Hopefully, with the above methods, home self-treatment exercises, bad habits to avoid, foods that help nourish your eyes will help you reduce myopia 1-2 degrees without surgery. However, these methods only apply to mildly nearsighted or newly myopic eyes and need to be performed seriously and persistently to see the has a temporary effect. You should maintain the above-mentioned eye habits, at the same time go to the eye exam regularly.
People with dry eyes often complain about the feeling of dryness, heavy eyes, discomfort when looking, uncontrollable tears, etc. This condition occurs when your eyes do not produce enough tears to remove dust particles or lubricate the cornea.
Eyemiru would like to tell you simple home remedies to help you avoid dry eyes.
Apply artificial tears
Dry eyes are pathologies that occurs when the process of producing tears is insufficient or the tears evaporate too quickly. Therefore, artificial eye drops can help relieve dry eye symptoms.
Use a warm washcloth to press your eyes
Tears are made up of 3 layers, including the fat layer, the water layer, and the mucus layer. Your eyes need all three parts to stay hydrated and healthy. Inflamed and flaky eyelids can clog the eyelid glands leading to dry eyes.
To relieve eye irritation, use a clean washcloth dipped in warm water, wring it out and place it over your eyes, and close your eyes for at least a minute. Gently press on the edge of the eyelid. The heat helps loosen the clogged oil in the glands. Regularly wet the towel with warm water. You should do this every day to reduce inflammation, even if your eye condition gets better.
Wear sunglasses when going out
This can help protect your eyes from wind and sunlight, which cause tears to evaporate faster. In addition, you should also avoid air blowing from a hair dryer, air conditioner or fan towards your eyes.
Good diet for people with dry eyes
The foods and drinks that are good for people with dry eyes include the following: Omega-3 fatty acid: Salmon, tuna, sardines, and mackerel all contain omega-3 fatty acids. Research shows that these healthy fats help the oil glands in your eyes function better, which can reduce irritation. Some foods rich in omega-3 can be mentioned as: fish, walnuts, flaxseeds, etc.
Foods rich in Vitamins: Supplementing with vitamins and minerals in appropriate doses is important for eye health. The vitamins that contain antioxidants and ingredients that help improve eye health are vitamins A, B C, E, zinc, …
Grapes, in a recent study, showed that grapes significantly improved dry eyes. Grapes are rich in antioxidants that help hydrate and protect the eye membranes, effectively reducing dry eyes. On the other hand, people who eat grapes regularly also notice a marked reduction in eye strain and inflammation.
Clean your eyelids regularly
Cleansing your eyelids, as well as the surrounding skin and hair can help control blepharitis. Apply some children's shampoo or soap to the fingertips and gently massage the skin around your eyelashes while closing your eyes.
Staring at a computer will limit the number of times you blink per minute. So try to blink regularly when you're using your computer or watching TV or using your phone. Follow the 20/20 rule: after 20 minutes of using the computer, close your eyes for 20 seconds.
Eye drops help you fight dry eye fatigue and protect eyes, antibacterial.
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The Covid pandemic has been seriously affecting people's physical and mental health. In this epidemic situation, going to the hospital is difficult, here are some simple methods. Eye care at home:
Avoid touching your eyes
We know that coronavirus can be spread from droplets formed from a cough or sneeze, but it is also spread if you touch a surface where these droplets have landed. Once these surfaces are touched, they can then enter the body from our hands through our eyes, nose and mouth.
Another difficult thing to do is to try and refrain from touching your eyes and face which is easier said than done. When it comes to your eyes, you should always use a clean tissue instead of your hands to wipe away any excess tears or touch your eyes.
If you wear contact lenses, you need to take particular care
You need to be meticulous with your hand hygiene when handling your contact lenses, especially now is not the time to get a contact lens-related infection.
When using contact lenses, you need to pay attention to how to use and maintain contact lenses. Careful storage of contact lenses will help you avoid damage to your vision. It is also a way to keep your eyes healthy.
Relieve eye strain by drinking water and using eye drops
Water is the main component of tears, so it is recommended to drink at least 2 liters of water a day to keep yourself hydrated. If you find your eyes are feeling dry and irritated, use lubricating drops (artificial tears) as often as needed to keep your eyes more comfortable.
Take time to do eye exercises to relieve eye strain
Working from home means you spend a lot of time looking at screens – your eyes may feel dry, itchy or tight as a result. To make your eyes feel better, there are several different eye exercises you can do every day:
- Blink often
Each blink is a time when the eye is covered with a layer of tears. Therefore, to relieve dry eyes quickly, you need to blink more continuously and more often.
- Close your eyes while moving your eyeballs vertically
Keeping the head still, close the eyes, slowly and gently move the eyeball vertically (up - down), do 10 times.
- Roll your eyes
Similar to the above movement, close your eyes, keep your head still, slowly rotate your eyeballs clockwise, then reverse, rotate each direction 10 times.
Diet is an essential part of maintaining eye health. The overall health of your eyes depends on certain nutrients, such as vitamins A and C, bioflavonoids, carotenoids, omega-3 fatty acids, minerals, and antioxidants. Eating foods rich in these nutrients (sometimes called superfoods) can keep your eyes functioning at their best for a longer period of time, as well as help prevent various eye problems.
In modern life, people are increasingly exposed to electronic technology devices and face much more serious environmental pollution that makes eyes more susceptible to disease.
Eyes are the most sensitive part of human, so without proper care, eyes will easily get some diseases. The following are the 10 most common eye diseases according to the statistics of Saigon Eye Hospital.
- Eye allergy
When allergic, the eyes will become red, itchy and uncomfortable. This is one of the most common diseases in all ages, from children to adults.
- Refractive error
Refractive error occurs due to the length of the eyeball, changes in the shape of the cornea, or natural aging of the eye. Nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism are symptoms of refractive errors.
- Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration is a condition in which damage to the retina leads to partial loss of vision, severe enough to cause blindness. The disease usually occurs in men and women in the age group over 50.
It is a phenomenon in which the lens in the eye becomes cloudy, affecting vision. The main cause of cataracts is aging, the disease can easily be removed by cataract surgery.
- Pink eye (conjunctivitis)
Commonly known as red eye and is a highly contagious eye disease. Pink eye can be caused by many different things such as infection, bacteria entering through dirty hands or even an allergy to something.
Glaucoma can occur suddenly without symptoms. Glaucoma is very common and is one of the main causes of permanent blindness. To control and detect the disease in time, you need to have regular eye exams.
Uveitis is inflammation inside the eye causing the eye to become red and swollen. The disease can spread and destroy the eye very quickly and therefore requires prompt care and treatment. Symptoms of the disease: slightly red eyes, like pink eye, sensitivity to light, pain or inflammation deep inside.
- Conical cornea
The cone-shaped cornea is a non-inflammatory degenerative disorder that changes the inner structure of the cornea, causing the cornea to thin, affecting the patient's vision. The exact cause could be some enzyme action.
- Swollen eyes
Symptoms include mild swelling, itching, and slight redness of the eyes. After about 3-4 days, the sore spot emerges a lump the size of a grain of rice.
Types of styes:
– External stye: usually grows on the upper eyelid, red and swollen the size of a grain of rice
- Inner stye: located on the inner side of the eyelid, to see it, you have to turn the inner eyelid out, in some cases, the inner stye often festers.
– Multiple stye: is a stye on both the inside and outside of the eyelid, even growing in both eyes.
- Corneal ulcers
Microscopic injuries caused by contact lenses, eye rubbing can cause corneal ulcers. In addition, vitamin A deficiency and hot and humid weather are also the causes of corneal ulcers, which, if not treated in time, can cause permanent blindness.
The Covid-19 epidemic is changing cultural and educational activities globally, and online learning is becoming more and more popular. Overexposure to electronic screens will negatively affect health, including eyesight. Here are some measures that can help protect your eyes while studying online.
- Sit with correct posture
The habit of sitting in the wrong position for a long time will cause you to have unwanted health-related problems. Many scientific studies have shown that people who sit for too long in front of a computer screen can have vision loss, headaches, and even lead to bone and joint damage such as back pain, shoulder pain, numbness loss of appetite leading to skipping meals.
To sit properly, you need your head and back to be straight, not leaning or stooping, shoulders down, legs slightly extended, creating an angle between shins and thighs about 90-130 degrees, upper body and thighs creating an opening angle of 90-120 degrees, preferably 100-110 degrees because this position reduces pressure on the spinal discs and reduces adverse effects on the spine.
- Place the monitor in the correct position
What is the safe distance between eyes and computer screen? If you have to work and study with a computer for many hours, knowing a safe distance will help you avoid eye diseases.
According to the Canadian Center for Occupational Safety and Health (CCOHS), the appropriate screen height criterion is that the top edge of the monitor is horizontal or below the line of sight, the angle created by the line of sight and the center of the screen when the eye is looking straight ahead is about 15 degrees, the angle made by the bottom edge of the computer screen and the line of sight looking straight is about 30 degrees. The distance from the eye to the computer screen is 40-74cm, which can be estimated as the length of an adult arm.
- Proper rest
Focusing the eyes for a long time can easily cause dry eye syndrome and eye fatigue. Children often have symptoms of sore eyes, itchy eyes, watery eyes, sometimes even blurred, looking at one but two or three pictures. For online learning by mobile phone, the harm level may be more because of its small size.
To temporarily overcome the damage to the eyes when studying online, the main thing is to give the eyes a proper rest in between study periods. Give your eyes a 20-second break every 20 minutes, either by closing your eyes for a few seconds or looking into the distance. Should blink 15-20 times/minute, doing so will help spread tears evenly on the surface of the eyeball, making the eyeball always wet evenly.
- Lighting conditions
Lighting conditions that the surrounding environments are too dark will affect the eyes, first leading to fatigue quickly and then causing visual disorders. If the lights are too bright, it will be difficult for you to use the screen to study because it is obscured by light, causing glare.
It is also recommended to adjust the screen brightness and contrast so that the fonts and images on the screen are most visible, but the screen brightness should not be too high to lead to glare and eye pain.
- Nutritional supplements
It is recommended to supplement foods that contain a lot of vitamins A, B, C, D, E and trace elements such as zinc to help brighten the eyes. For example, vitamin A in red vegetables and fruits such as carrots and tomatoes; vitamin C is abundant in oranges, lemons, and guava; B vitamins in chicken, salmon, eggs, milk, beans, cauliflower …
Use eye drops: After a tiring day at work, eye drops should be used to help keep your eyes healthy. Close your eyes and relax. Eyes need to be hydrated as well as remove mucus on the eyes.
People often say that the eyes are the windows to the soul. Sparkling, clear eyes easily attract the attention of people because whether or not to give a deep impression will be determined by the quality of the eyes. However, not everyone knows how to take care of their eyes properly. Please take notice of the following measures to keep your eyes healthy.
1. Sit in the right posture
In addition to pupils and college students, office workers when sitting should pay attention to their sitting posture to protect back bones and joints as well as keep their eyes healthy. The correct sitting posture is straight back, leaning on the chair to lumbar support, thighs perpendicular to shins, feet flat on the floor, elbows perpendicular to the table, eye position 50-70 cm away from the screen and screen should be 10-20 cm lower than the eyes.
2. Limit harmful light for eyes
Light, such as blue light, ultraviolet rays are a big cause of damage to retinal pigment epithelial cells, kill visual cells and are one of the causes of macular degeneration. Therefore, it is important to reduce the time of exposure to light that is harmful to the eyes, and adjust the brightness, contrast of the screen to suit different times and environments.
3. Apply the 20-20-20 rule
After every 20 minutes of continuous eye work, give your eyes a 20-second break by looking aimlessly at a distant point about 20 feet away from you. This rule will help you give your eyes time to rest and recover from a period of intense work.
4. Adjust the light properly
The light for studying and working should be harmoniously balanced between natural light and artificial light so that the eyes can better regulate. Light that is too low or too bright affects the eye's regulation, so use the light source intelligently and flexibly with the surrounding conditions.
5. Provide nutritional supplements for the eyes
To have bright eyes, office workers need to supplement the necessary nutrients to provide energy for the eyes against blue light and restore bright, healthy eyes. The nutrients we need to supplement such as: astaxanthin, lutein, bilberry extract, vitamin A, vitamin B2,..
6. Proper eye care
Eyes that are carefully cared for and cleaned according to the right process are healthy eyes. In addition, regular check-ups for early detection of macular degeneration, cataracts and other eye diseases are essential. The use of specialized care and cleaning products also helps you a lot in the process of keeping your eyes bright and healthy.
7. Eyes massage
If you have formed a habit of massaging your eyes, this habit will not only help your eyes relax but also improve the quality of studying and working. This habit is a very simple and inexpensive way because it is easy to find eye massage exercises on social networking sites. However, it should be noted that after 45-60 minutes of work, you should close your eyes and massage around your eyes for 2-3 minutes. The simplest way to massage your eyes is to use your fingers and gently rotate around the eyes, use your fingers to gently stroke the upper and lower eyelids. Place two index fingers between the eyebrows and then press the points on the sides of the nose.
To conclude, eyes are the window to the soul, a whole universe is within . However, high work intensity of office workers, along with the effects of the surrounding environment, are harmful to the eye, especially myopia, which always makes us concerned. However, the above tips will not only help you improve the health of your eyes, enhance your eyesight and reduce the risk of increasing myopia, but also keep your eyes bright. Do not hesitate to apply immediately to protect your eyes.